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Posted: David L. Raffle, PhD May 12,2016
There has been a great deal of news about the benefits of dark chocolate and cocoa powder, which contain large quantities of antioxidant chemicals called flavan-3-ols (flavanols), aromatic chemicals also found in apples, grapes, cherries, and tea (Nehlig, 2013). Flavanols in chocolate are mostly in the form of catechin and epicatechin, which are converted into glucunorides. These glucunorides latch on to all sorts of molecules in the body to make them more water-soluble so they can travel around more freely, making it easier to take good molecules, like hormones, where they’re needed, and
Posted: October 14,2015
An important article appeared on October 12, 2015, in the Los Angeles Times about Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in women who have suffered repeated abuse from domestic violence (http://goo.gl/Bwz1Xa).When patients come to the Raffle Brain Institute in Los Angeles, we always inquire about a history of traumatic brain injuries (TBI), including those caused by auto accidents, falls, sports – and domestic violence. Battered women shelters focus almost exclusively on the psychological impact of domestic violence, as they should. However, long-term effects that are often attributed to post-traumatic
Posted: David L. Raffle, PhD December 01,2014
Dyslexia, Latin for “faulty reading,” is found in over 30 million adults in the U.S., and in about 80% of children who are in special education under the category of “specific learning disability.” Dyslexia is also common in many children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A simple “diagnosis” of dyslexia does not offer any clues about causes or treatment, because many processes are involved in decoding, understanding, and deriving meaning from ink blots on a page. By knowing where these processes break down, a program of cognitive rehabilitation can be developed – the

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